What Are Some of the Potential Complications of Diverticulitis ?
When it comes to major Complications of Diverticulitis, these are much less common — and age seems to play a major role. About 70 percent of people ages 80 and older have diverticulitis. They’re also more likely to develop a diverticular bleed. “It’s a disease of older people,” says Dr. Stassen, who explains that the older someone gets, the more likely they are to have a complication, like bleeding.Severe Complications of Diverticulitis can come on quickly, resulting in sudden pain. These include the following, which require immediate medical attention, like hospitalization or surgery:
Diverticulitis causes tiny tears, called perforations, in the bowel walls. These weaken the colon walls and, if they grow larger, can spill bowel contents into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to infection and inflammation in the abdomen, called peritonitis. Peritonitis is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgery to clear the abdominal cavity. Part of the damaged colon may need to be removed. If peritonitis isn’t treated, it can be fatal.In addition, about 1 to 2 percent of larger perforations can lead to abscesses and fistulas.
Abscess and Phlegmon
An abscess forms when a pocket in the bowel becomes infected and fills with pus. A phlegmon is the infected and inflamed area near the abscess. Both form along the wall of the colon as a result of diverticulitis.Abscess symptoms include sore abdomen, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Up to 30 percent of people who develop acute diverticulitis (one or more temporary attacks marked by infection or inflammation) may also develop an abscess. A small abscess might be able to be treated successfully with antibiotics. If it’s large or doesn’t respond to treatment, doctors will need to surgically drain the pus and may even need to remove some of the damaged bowel tissue.
A bowel obstruction Complications of Diverticulitis is a blockage in the colon. You can have a partial block or complete block of the large intestine. It’s caused when scarring or inflammation makes the colon too narrow for stool to pass. This narrowing process is called stricture formation. complete block requires emergency surgery to clear the path, while a partial block can be surgically corrected at a later date.Symptoms include severe constipation, bloating, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Rectal bleeding Complications of Diverticulitis caused by diverticulitis is not incredibly common, happening in about 17 percent of those with chronic diverticulitis, which is an ongoing form of the disease that never clears up entirely. When it happens, it can be severe. Diverticular pouches can damage the blood vessels in the colon wall, resulting in bleeding